A COMPANY’S CLIMATE IMPACT IS DIVIDED INTO 3 DIFFERENT SCOPES
Scope 1: Direct greenhouse gas emissions from operations
The system boundary is here set around the direct operations (the owned producing units) and studies from stationary and mobile sources as well as process emissions are studied from the operations. Accidental emissions are also taken into account, such as leakage of f-gases.
Scope 2: Greenhouse gas emissions due to electricity consumption
Scope 2 also takes into account the emissions that occur at the source that creates the electricity the business consumes. This discharge can thus take place geographically far from the business.
Scope 3: Indirect greenhouse gas emissions outside the business
Scope 3 does not have strict definitions of what is to be included in the climate impact, but here the indirect emissions such as takes place at the business’s subcontractors and through transports to and from the business, i.e. the emissions that occur outside the company’s ownership and control.
The ambition here is to capture the entire total impact that the business has on the climate.
It is not uncommon for the largest emissions of greenhouse gases to occur outside the business.